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FACT BOX
TITLE   Macquarie University Major Open Data Collection
PARTICIPANTS   eMAST (Evans, Hessler), INTERSECT (Allen),
Macquarie University Library (Bubalo)
GRANT   ANDS Major Open Data Collections
TIMELINE   Sep 2014 - May 2015
OUTPUTS   54 Data products
USED eMAST INFRASTRUCTURE
- eMAST bioclimatic Variables
- eMAST R-package
- NCI computational space

Since September 2014 eMAST is collaborating with the Australian National Data Service (ANDS) and INTERSECT on the Major Open Data Collection (MODC) project at Macquarie University. In the MODC project eMAST is going to publish a harmonised version of over 50 of eMAST's bioclimatic indices calculated from the EU WATCH climate data.

The project's motivation lies in the projected intensity and frequency increase of extreme weather events such as droughts, floods and heat waves in future decades (e.g. IPPC, 2012). Australia is particularly vulnerable to extreme climate conditions with severe impacts on agriculture, public health and local economies. In this regard it is crucial to enrich policy and decisions-making to better adapt Australia's economy and health sector to deal with climate change. Understanding the biological impact of extreme events and changing climate conditions on the biology of plants, natural and semi-natural ecosystems is the key to improve management outcomes.

To improve the understanding of the impact of climate change on the floristic realm in Australian, eMAST will generate a new data collection of 54 bioclimatic surfaces and make them publicly available via the Research Data Storage Infrastructure (RDSI) and an online service with extraction and evaluation tools. The generation of the data sets will follow existing and established eMAST protocols using R and C++ software packages. The bioclimatic high-qualtiy and high-versatile data sets will be made available in a standardised format and with standardised metadata facilitating their application in a wide variety of disciplines including  ecosystem, environmental and computer sciences, engineering, health research, policy and law.

For more information on the project contact us via emast.data@mq.edu.au

References:
IPPC, 2012: Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to Advance Climate Change Adaptation. A Special Report of Working Groups I and II of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change [Field, C.B.; Barros, V.; Stocker, T.F.; Qin, D.; Dokken, D.J.; Ebi, M.D.; Mastrandrea, K.J.; Mach, G.-K.; Plattner, S.K.; Allen, M.; Tignor, M.; Midgley, P.M. (eds.)]. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK and New York, NY, USA. 582 pp.